Unfortunately we all know someone with cancer and what is it. It is a generic name given to the group of diseases that can start in a localized part of the body and then spread to other tissues by uncontrolled division of cells in the body, a process known as “metastasis”. Cancer is also known as “malignant tumor” or “malignancy”.
According to the World Health Organization, cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide and is expected in the next twenty years the number of new cases increases by 70%. Also, as the WHO explained in 2012 the most diagnosed cancers in men were colon, prostate, lung, stomach and liver. In the case of women, the main ones were breast, colorectal, lung, cervical and stomach.
Cancer occurs from a process called carcinogenesis, a process that is caused by abnormalities in the genetic material of cells, which can be caused by different factors such as smoking, alcoholism or virus. This article will teach you to take some precautions to avoid contracting this desperate disease.
Tips for reducing cancer risk
Then we’ll give you a few tips to help you reduce the risk of cancer by changing your diet, considering that approximately 30% of cancer deaths are caused by dietary and behavioral factors.
- Reduce consumption of red meat
If you overeat, red meat is unhealthy, especially if you eat them very cooked and very greasy. It is therefore advisable to consume red meat only once a week and choose lean cuts to remove visible fat. For a healthier cooking meat it is recommended boiled or baked. While red meat has healthy proteins for our body, also the fish meat and egg have it, so we must replace red meat with these foods.
- Eat fiber
According to scientific research, a large consumption of fiber reduces the risk of colorectal cancer and that decreases the amount of time in which the toxic waste travels through the colon. Also, the fibers have properties that lower levels of estrogen and testosterone, helping to reduce the risk of breast and colon cancer. Another reason why we should consume fiber is because it can be attached directly to carcinomas causing its inactivation. The easiest way to add fiber to your diet is by eating vegetables, grains and fruits.
- Avoid eating cold and smoked meats
The cold and smoked meats are hazardous to health because when they are made they are added nitrates and nitrites, harmful to health, in order to preserve them. For this reason, the consumption of these foods should be sporadic and for special occasions. Thus, as revealed in a study by the National Cancer Institute of Rockville, United States, people who consume foods with many preservatives are 30% more likely to develop bladder cancer than those whose diet is low in preservatives.
- Reduce alcohol consumption
It is very important to reduce alcohol consumption since this increases the risk of mouth, larynx, breast, esophagus, colon and liver cancers. According to scientific research, alcohol contributes to trigger cancer because its breakdown in the body turns into acetaldehyde, a toxic and carcinogenic substance. The American Association of Clinical Oncology recommends limiting consumption of an alcoholic drink per day for women and two for men.
In addition to following these tips, you should not smoke, and you should maintain a healthy diet and perform physical exercises to avoid any risk of cancer.
Follow these tips and make a regular visit to your doctor.