Few fruits are just as nutritious as blueberries. It is one of the foods with higher levels of antioxidants that exist. Besides, its nutritional composition makes it a super food. It is rich in proteins, carbohydrates, fiber, potassium, sodium, calcium, copper, magnesium and vitamins C, B1, B2, A and E. 100 grams of blueberries contains only 60 calories, making it an ally when trying diets to lose weight.
It is used as a natural treatment for many diseases such as urinary tract infections, kidney stones, cystitis, glaucoma, preventing cataracts, diarrhea and indigestion in general, and it also improves circulation.
Among the problems frequently encountered when trying to consume blueberries, is the fact that it is difficult to find them sometimes, and is an expensive fruit.
For this reason, we tell you what you should keep in mind to cultivate them at home. We share the secrets and tips for successful cultivation of blueberries.
Blueberries are bushes that measure between 20cm and 2.30m tall. Its stems are light green color and slightly thick. They have a very graceful look. Today this plant can be grown in almost any weather conditions. The main feature of this shrub is that it is resistant to most pests, providing fruits for about 20 years.
Although they are easy to grow, there are some possible issues to consider. Let’s see step by step the most advisable way to plant them at home.
1-. What type of blueberry to cultivate? There are three varieties: low, high and rabbiteye bush. Each of the species is better suited to a climate than another, so you must find out what is the best option for your region. The tall shrubs (between 1.83 and 2.44m) are best for warm climates. Low (15 to 46 cm) are adapted to cold climates, and rabbiteye stands heat and drought.
2-. How are you going to use the blueberries? Depending on the species, the fruit size may vary, usually the kind of fruit from high plants are consume freshly, while the smaller fruits from the low bush are consume mainly in bakery.
3-. How much room do you have? Each species of shrub, has different space requirements. Note that between low blueberry bushes must be a gap of 60 cm between each other. Between high bushes should be a separation of 1.80 and between rabbiteye, 4.6m.
4-. Ensures proper pollination. Blueberry flower, has both gametes (male and female) but is not sure that the plant is going to self-pollinate. If you have space, you can plant two varieties of blueberries and bees can go from plant to plant pollinating.
5-. Where will you plant them? Try selecting a place where it is exposed constantly to the sun. Fruit plants always need this kind of sun exposure.
– Ensure good drainage for the land. Prevents water from collecting or pond at its base. For example, if you have an uneven terrain at the bottom, don’t plant at the bottom. If you do not have a suitable ground, it is advisable to create a double crop.
- Do you know the land where you are planting the bush? The best choice for a fruit plant, is an area of acid soil.
7-. Purchase bushes that has at least two years old. In this way, you can ensure that soon enough it will begin to give fruit. If you start with seeds or seedlings, you will need several years to enjoy the fruit.
8-. Would you rather use seeds? If you decide to grow them from seed, you should plant it in a drawer first. The soil should be constantly moist. Cover it with newspaper and in about a month there will be buds. Uncover the drawer and place it in permanent contact with sunlight. Outbreaks them when they become about 6 to 7cm high.
9-. When is advisable to plant? The best time for planting shrubs, is in early spring. If the bush is 2 years or more, the end of summer and will mature fruits.
10-. How do I keep the plant after planting? In order for the shrub to grow strong and has the vigor to provide fruits, in the first year you should prune all shoots with flower. After the first year, you should prune only those that born around the base of the bush. Also dead branches or small they do not grow.
11-. What if it does not grow? If you notice that the bush grew less than 30 cm, 5 cm per year (for the species 10cm low bush) then it grew too little. Think about the possibility of using natural and organic fertilizer to prevent root damage.
- You can fertilize with edible seeds soy or alfalfa. 2 cups per plant. Place the fertilizer in early spring and then water them regulary.